This piece was first released in El Universal
Times of excellent turmoil often bring the chance for excellent progress. As leaders all over the world work to safeguard the vulnerable and sick from COVID-19, while also relocating to restart their economies, they have a chance to rebuild much better– developing a world thats cleaner and much healthier than before. This means investing in an economy that produces more jobs and less contamination, including less of the air contamination that triggers illness that put individuals at greater threat for severe illness from COVID-19.
It needs to be a world with fewer deaths from heart and lung disease activated by air pollution, a world with a more secure and more stable climate for our children and grandchildren. This is the kind of world we can create if we follow the lessons of this terrible pandemic.
It likewise indicates addressing methane emissions from the oil and gas supply chain. Mexico can reconstruct a cleaner, stronger energy economy post COVID-19 Click To TweetMexicos own national emissions inventory reports that oil and gas accounted for an estimated 760,000 metric lots of methane contamination in 2015. Squandering 760,000 tons of methane (the main component in natural gas) through leaks is the same as each year losing 2.5 billion pesos (United States $120M) in natural gas sales. During oil and gas production activities, methane is released with other poisonous chemicals that impact health– benzene, toluene and xylene are just a couple of. Under the management of ASEA, Mexicos oil and gas regulator, the country enacted strong methane guidelines in 2018.
As the Mexican economy has actually stalled and the tourism market shuttered, we have been experiencing less transport pollution than we can keep in mind, however for a reason no one would ever desire. Its a tip of what might be if the energy that powers our lives is cleaner. It indicates speeding the transition to less-polluting, more effective energy sources. It also implies resolving methane emissions from the oil and gas supply chain. Here in Mexico we have an amazing opportunity to do simply that.
Mexico can reconstruct a cleaner, more powerful energy economy post COVID-19 Click To TweetMexicos own national emissions inventory reports that oil and gas represented an estimated 760,000 metric loads of methane pollution in 2015. And though carbon dioxide gets the majority of the climate headings, methane is even more powerful– more than 80 times more potent at trapping heat over the first 20 years after it is produced. At a least one-quarter of the planetary warming we experience today is caused by manufactured methane emissions.
Methane gas leakages are also awfully inefficient. Losing 760,000 lots of methane (the primary active ingredient in gas) through leakages is the exact same as each year squandering 2.5 billion pesos (United States $120M) in natural gas sales. Catching this otherwise wasted item might produce income for the nation, where earnings from the state-owned petroleum industry directly feeds the national treasury. Simply put, decreasing methane is not just great for the environment, its excellent for the economy too.
Minimizing oil and gas methane emissions is the fastest, most affordable way to slow global warming right now. Using existing, low cost options the whole time the full global supply chain, the International Energy Agency says it is practical to cut these emissions in almost half– at no net cost to operators. For Mexico, this implies there is a significant opportunity to enhance national security while much better protecting the environment and public health.
Like the coronavirus, environment pollutants such as methane are unnoticeable to the human eye, but their abundance in our atmosphere threatens millions of people worldwide. Record-setting temperature rise is driving a wave of progressively devastating hurricanes and heat spells throughout Mexico, and severe heat makes breathing diseases like asthma much even worse. Both citizens and scientists are able to link these severe occasions to a warming earth.
The environment impacts of methane contamination are well known. However what is not as clearly highlighted are the health dangers. Oil and gas operations are a leading source of smog-forming unstable natural compounds. High smog levels can harm everyone, and children– who frequently spend more time outdoors and are more likely to have asthma– are particularly at risk from these impacts. Seniors, individuals with lung disease and people who are active outdoors likewise have actually increased danger from smog contamination. These are the underlying medical conditions that put people at greater threat of serious illness from COVID-19.
Throughout oil and gas production activities, methane is released with other toxic chemicals that affect health– benzene, xylene and toluene are just a couple of. Formaldehyde, another poisonous air toxin, is likewise often launched from the exhaust of gas compressor engines. In addition, flaring of gas is a big source of black carbon particles with large health impacts and a big worldwide warming capacity.
Elevated levels of benzene and formaldehyde have been detected near oil and gas production websites. People exposed to these hazardous air pollutants can have an increased opportunity of cancer or other major health effects, consisting of damage to the immune system, and neurological, reproductive, developmental, other and breathing illness.
Luckily, there is a way to fight these methane-induced climate and health concerns.
Under the management of ASEA, Mexicos oil and gas regulator, the country enacted strong methane policies in 2018. Application is now crucial to deliver on the societal, economic and environmental advantages of methane decreases. These rules give Mexico an unique opportunity to produce tasks in tidy technology and energy effectiveness and optimize the value of its natural resources to attain domestic success.
Crises can teach us important lessons. But they can also advise us of things weve been missing out on– like the importance of protecting public health while improving the environment and making our society and economy stronger and more equitable. Lets ensure that the worst of times highlight the very best in us, so that we reflect on this crisis as the minute we began making the modifications that improved our lives, protected our kidss future and protected the health of our individuals and world.