By Maeve Maddox
Some verbs and participle adjectives are followed by a particular preposition. Various from phrasal verbs, which can be changed by a single word, prepositional verbs are verbs that stand alone, however are followed by a particular preposition.
The verb addict (and its associated kinds) is one of these. Its signature preposition is to. :
Back in the 70s and 1960s, physicians utilized to treat alcoholism with Valium, then the clients would get addicted to the Valium.
I was surprised to come across the following sentence in an article in Psychology Today:
Basically, the loyalty of Trump advocates might in part be described by Americas dependency with entertainment and reality TV.
One has an addiction to entertainment, not with it.
Going straight to the Ngram Viewer, I browsed addicted to and addicted with to see if I was missing a shift in use. Addicted with flatlined throughout the graph from 1800 to the present.
Next, I cast about the web looking for the phrase addicted with. My search was restrained by the existence of a book that has “addicted with” in the title.
I found few examples. A lot of remained in readers remarks, which are infamous for nonstandard usage:
I am still reading, but what I have actually read to now has actually provided me insight into how to deal with my member of the family who is addicted with the drug.”– Readers discuss wikiHow post.
Why do individuals get addicted with somebody or something?– Quora comment
Sometimes with follows addicted to present an adverbial expression of manner.
Nevertheless, some examples happened on the sites of companies devoted to combating addiction and helping its victims.
Alcohol contributed 22% to the population, with 11% reporting as alcohol-only addicts and 10% were cross addicted with alcohol and some other drug. — Alcohol Addiction.
I was so addicted with my virtual world that I was genuinely disconnected with my reality out there.– A psychologists blog site.
As tough as it might be, your goal is to approach the birth moms and dad who is addicted with empathy and absence of judgment.
Individuals who take prescription painkillers can end up being addicted with simply one prescription.– Government guidelines.
In an email to Healthline, Purdue officials said … it might be essential to deal with people who are currently addicted with other drugs.– Healthline.
In these examples, the preposition with introduces an adverb expression of manner, not the compound to which someone is addicted. The third example is unclear, however I assume the phrase explains the treatment.
Addicted and its kinds obtain from the Latin verb addicere, a compound formed from Latin ad (” to, towards, at”) + dico (” state, verify, tell”). It might imply merely “to speak favorably” of something, but it also had meanings that provided themselves to different legal uses:
appoint, ascribe, appoint, designate, award, sentence, condemn, yield, resign, compromise, abandon, surrender, enslave, etc
. Properly enough, considering the significance of the English noun addict, a Roman addictus was a servant– a debt servant who had been bound to his creditor in lieu of payment.
A prepositional verb that does use with which possibly could be puzzled with addict is afflict.
afflicted: grievously distressed, tortured; troubled; oppressed, downtrodden.
Here are some examples of affected with:
Bottomline: People are addicted to something, not with it.
Previous employees even now are affected with a variety of nerve and skin diseases.
We are trained in our contemporary society to attack anybody afflicted with anger.
No, this Chicago group was not afflicted with any meddlesome ball-deflecting fans.
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