Uses of the -ing Participle

By Maeve Maddox

A reader has concerns about the following type of sentence:

He is building a hen home and we are helping him. (present constant).
He has been developing it for several months. (present-perfect continuous).
On October 30, he will have been constructing it for a year. (future-perfect continuous).

Now lets look at the readers sentence.
” the education chiefs sudden resignation left him scrambling to discover a replacement”.
The reader correctly rules out a gerund (” his rushing” cant be best), however he improperly dismisses the adjectival participle. Here, scrambling functions as a post-positional adjective qualifying the pronoun him.
While were at it, here are some additional realities about participles.
Dangling participlesA participle is stated to hang when it has no relation to the nearby topic.
Waiting on the phone call, the time crawled.
” Time” was not waiting on the phone to ring. Such a sentence is repaired by providing a proper topic.
Waiting for the telephone call, Dirk felt time crawl.
A gerund can also be left hanging.
Enjoyed in northern climes, lots of visitors vote snowboarding their favorite winter sport.
Here, a past participle, enjoyed, is customizing a gerund, skiing, but the visitors get in the way, leaving the gerund to hang.
Better: Many vacationers vote skiing, enjoyed in northern climates, their preferred sport.
Customized participlesA participle that operates as an adjective is customized by an adverb.
We listened to the loudly roaring waves.

A participle that functions as a noun, i.e., a gerund, is certified by an adjective.
Bottom the Weaver assured, if given the lions part, to produce mild roaring.

The present participle verb kind that ends in– ing is a many-functioned thing and this reader understands them all.
GerundA gerund is a present participle used as a noun. As a noun, a gerund can do anything a noun can do.
(subject of the verb) Miriam does not enjoy skiing. (item of the verb) Charlie has an A in reading.
Present Participle utilized as an adjectiveLike the past participle, today participle can function as an adjective to explain a noun or pronoun.
a mining engineer. a leaning tower. a firing pin.
The participle/adjective can follow the noun.
The male leaning versus the cars and truck is an undercover detective.
Present participle used to form continuous tenseUsed with several helping verbs, today participle forms the continuous or progressive tenses.

” the education chiefs sudden resignation left him scrambling to discover a replacement”.
I havent been able to classify the -ing type in such sentences. I ruled out gerund (” his scrambling” cant be ideal), and I dont see it as a participle (as an adjective, ie, “the rushing male”). It if is a present constant type of the verb, I cant see which noun to trace it back to, let alone how it would conjugate with one.

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I havent been able to categorize the -ing form in such sentences. I ruled out gerund (” his scrambling” cant be right), and I do not see it as a participle (as an adjective, ie, “the rushing man”). It if is a present constant form of the verb, I cant see which noun to trace it back to, let alone how it would conjugate with one. (topic of the verb) Miriam does not take pleasure in snowboarding. (object of the verb) Charlie has an A in reading.

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